Turbo militaris (Reeve, 1848)
Widespread throughout the Solitary Islands Marine Park. Endemic to Australia where it is found from southern Queensland south to Sydney in New South Wales.
Common in shallow inshore rocky reef areas, from shallow to at least 5 m.
Shell large, solid, whorls rounded. Some specimens are completely smooth, with a few showing incipient to strongly developed spines on the body whorl. Both forms may occur together on the same rock platform. Aperture almost circular, nacreous within, outer lip sharp. Operculum calcareous, almost circular, flat and brown internally, white tinged with green, domed and minutely pustulose externally. Prone to over exploitation throughout its range, now more common in the wave washed low intertidal zone. Size to 102 mm length.
The Seashells of New South Wales, Des Beechey, Senior Fellow, Australian Museum, Release 25. Website at https://seashellsofnsw.org.au/Turbinidae/Pages/Turbo_militaris.htm. Accessed 12/11/2018.
Atlas of Living Australia website at https://bie.ala.org.au/search?q=Turbo+militaris. Accessed 12/11/2018.