Cnidoglanis macrocephalus (Valenciennes, 1840)
Common in the Solitary Islands Marine Park. Endemic to Australia: widespread southern waters from Southern Queensland to Abrolhos Islands in Western Australia. Rare in Victorian and Tasmanian waters.
An inshore species that prefers silty areas or mud bottoms, under ledges, in caves, under solid objects. Depth to 30m.
Mottled brown or yellow with eel tail, has five pairs of barbels surrounding the mouth. Also possesses strong, sharp fin spines which can inflict painful wounds. Males construct a nest and guard the eggs until hatching takes place. Feeds on various invertebrates or small fishes, grows to about 90 cms.
R. Stuart-Smith, G. Edgar, A. Green, I. Shaw, Tropical Marine Fishes of Australia. Reed New Holland Publishers, 2015. p.45.
FishBase. Froese, R. and D. Pauly. Editors. 2018. World Wide Web electronic publication. http://www.fishbase.org/summary/12092. Accessed 15/05/18.