Austrolabrus maculatus (Macleay, 1881)
Common in the Solitary Islands Marine Park. Endemic to Australia, known from northern New South Wales to southern New South Wales, with a separate population from Kangaroo Island to southern Western Australia.
Frequents rocky reef, especially kelp and sponge habitats, 10m to a depth of at least 40m.
Juveniles and females (as pictured above) have a white bar and white-edged black spot on the caudal peduncle, with numerous small black spots on the head and dorsal surface of the body. The black spot is less distinct and the anterior dorsal surface is yellowish in adults, lower photograph. Constantly moves through a defined territory, feeds on benthic invertebrates. Grows to 20cm.
Kuiter, R. H., Coastal Fishes of South-Eastern Australia. Published by Crawford House Press Pty. Ltd., 1993. p. 276.