Common in the Solitary Islands Marine Park. Distributed throughout the Indo-Pacific region: the Red Sea, East Africa to the Hawaiian Islands, Line and Pitcairn Islands, north to southern Japan, south to Lord Howe Island. In Australia recorded from around Exmouth and the North West Shelf in Western, the Coral Sea and Great Barrier Reef in Queensland south to northern New South Wales and including Lord Howe Island.
Frequents sandy bottoms in lagoons, reef flats and coastal and seaward reefs. Depth to 113 m.
Yellow stripe from eye to tail base and yellow fins. Similar Mulloidichthys flavolineatus has black blotch in yellow stripe and clear fins. Barbels on chin used for digging and sensing prey. Schooling species, sometimes with other species. Feeds at night on small worms and crustaceans. Grows to 38 cm.
R. Stuart-Smith, G. Edgar, A. Green, I. Shaw, Tropical Marine Fishes of Australia. Reed New Holland Publishers, 2015. p.185.
Atlas of Living Australia website at https://bie.ala.org.au/search?q=Mulloidichthys+vanicolensis. Accessed 08/06/18.
FishBase. Froese, R. and D. Pauly. Editors. 2018. World Wide Web electronic publication. https://fishbase.ca/summary/Mulloidichthys-vanicolensis.html. Accessed 08/06/18.