Temperate, tropical and arid regions across Australia. Locally found in coastal areas, including beaches, from Red Rock to Angourie.
It is most common in areas of heaths, savannah woodland, sclerophyll forest and pastoral land and least common in heavily populated districts and those arid areas with annual precipitation of less than 600 millimetres. Emus eat the growing shoots of plants, seeds, fruits, insects, other small animals, and animal droppings.
May not eat for several weeks at a time.